Objective: to assess the contribution of natural and climatic conditions to the formation of health of the population living in the third climatic zone of Russia (compared to the second zone); the relationship between the daily calls for emergency medical care of the adult population in connection with diseases of the circulatory system and daily levels of meteorological parameters. The object of the study was the adult population living in different climatic zones of Russia with different winter temperatures (-9,0 °C; -18,0 °C). The contribution of the climate factor was assessed by calculating the hypothetical (standardized) mortality rate (SIR) for cerebrovascular diseases (CVB) according to the international classification of diseases (ICD-X). The index method was used to assess the contribution of the studied factor to the formation of public health. Оur research has shown that living in natural and climatic conditions with low winter temperatures contributes to an increase in the mortality rate of men from cerebrovascular diseases (CVB).
Keywords: climatic zone, socio-economic characteristics of the region, age groups, mortality of rural population, challenges to emergency medical care.