In the last decade, there has been an increase in the number of industrial accidents with many casualties and significant material losses. According to the International organization for labor protection (ILO), as a result of industrial accidents in the world in 2018, about 350,000 people died, more than 2 million people died from occupational diseases. As for injuries without lethal outcome, the statistics are even more depressing: 330 million workers are injured every year, 160 million are ill with occupational diseases . In Russia in 2017, 25,400 people suffered from accidents at work, including 1138 people with fatal outcome, the number of people with occupational disease established in the reporting year was 4756 people . Out of 136435 registered enterprises in the Russian Federation, 11454 are construction companies. Construction all over the world is one of the dangerous anthropogenic factors affecting the environment, a source of irreparable negative consequences for the ecological balance of ecosystems . And at the same time, the construction industry is important in the development of the national economy: the economic efficiency of related sectors of the economy is largely ensured by the intensive development of construction. Construction meets the rapidly growing needs of economic systems and meets the demands of conventional construction, renovation, operation and dismantling of buildings in all countries.
Keywords: risk factors, occupational injuries at work at height in construction, the conditions of construction labor, occupational safety and health at work at height in construction, measures to improve working conditions, monitoring of working conditions, harmful and dangerous working conditions, temporary disability