Circular Economy as an Answer to the Global Development Challenges

Brnjas Z1, Radović – Marković M.1, Golubović – Stojanović A.2
1 Full professor, Institute of Economic Science, Belgrade, (SERBIA)
2 Faculty of Business Economics and Entrepreneurship, Belgrade, (SERBIA)

Abstract

The Circular Economy is today one of the most important theoretical interdisciplinary concepts which is increasingly shaped into a coherent purposeful whole. The concept, as a “focal point,” draws attention and at the same time impact a whole range of theoretical, methodological and applicative disciplines, intellectual movements and practical techniques, developed over the past decades as an attempt to respond to some of the greatest global challenges of the modern world: devastation of natural resources, uncontrolled accumulation of discarded remnants of these resources after their exploitation and return to the system as (often very toxic) waste, disturbance of ecosystem balances and endangering the environment in the widest sense. The paper points to some of these concepts whose contributions in this domain have attracted the greatest attention of the scientific and professional public, such as “Cradle to Cradle”, Performance Economics (also known as Functional Service Economics), Biomimicry, Industrial Ecology, Natural Capitalism and Blue Economy.

Keywords: Circular Flow of Materials and Energy, Sustainable Development, Environment, Industrial and Social Systems, Zero Waste Models

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Problems of Increase in Tourism Global Competitiveness of Russia

Kulomzina E.1, Alekseycheva E.1, Shinkareva O.2
1 Moscow City University (RUSSIA)
2 Russian State Social University (RUSSIA)

Abstract

In article aspects of the organization of tourism in the countries of the world are disclosed, the general contribution of income from tourism to GDP of the country is shown. Travel business as a diversified system is described, data of the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) are provided. Several problems of development of the Russian tourism is listed.

Keywords: travel business, global competitiveness, tourism revenues, Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index

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Contemporary Worldwide Energy Policies – An Example of German Energy Transition

Potekhina E.1, Khalizova A.2
1 Russian State Social University (RUSSIA)
2 University Koblenz-Landau (GERMANY)

Abstract

The following paper is giving an outlook on the contemporary energy situation in Europe. The nuclear disaster in Japan in 2011 had a bid impact on the global energy policy. Some countries have already changed their energy conception by switching from nuclear energy to renewable energy sources, some countries are on their way of rethinking it. This paper is introducing the Germany’s model of energy transition as a pioneer in this field.

Keywords: Nuclear energy, Fukushima, renewable energy, energy transition, innovation, technology, global energy policy, electricity market, energy prices, energy production.

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Processes in Models of the Solution of Tasks of Management of the Enterprises

Vinogradova E. Yu.1, Pivneva S. V.2, Denisova D. A.2, Soldatov A. A.2
1 Ural State University of Economics (RUSSIA)
2 Russian State Social University (RUSSIA)

Abstract

In article describes main principles of designing of information system for realization of support of decision-making by a management of managing subjects. Also, in the article describers ordering of modern scientific representations about intellectual information technologies in a context of allocation of a subject field of their application.

Keywords: intellectual information technologies, information systems, management of the enterprises

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Competencies of Experts in Assisting Professions for Psychosocial Work

Petrovic J.1, Macanovic N.1, Grbic O.2
1Associate Professor, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Political Science, Study program social work, (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
2Assistant Professor, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Political Science, Study program social work, (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Abstract

This paper presents the results of research into the competencies of experts in assisting professions for psychosocial work. The research was carried out in the centers for social work, as the basic institutions in the social protection system of Republic of Srpska. The sample consisted of 100 respondents in assisting professions (psychologists, educators and social workers). The questionnaire investigated their communication, mediation, teamwork and empathy skills, as well as the relationship between competency levels and educational attainment, age and length of service. The results showed that professionals in the assisting professions have a high level of competence for psychosocial work. Lower levels of competence are experienced by older professionals and longer working lives, while their professional competences are not affected by the level of education. Supervision is recognized as an effective way to prevent professional burnout, but also to develop personal and professional competencies. In addition, further training in communication and mediation skills is recommended.

Keywords: competences, psychosocial work, psychology, pedagogy, social work.

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Competencies of Experts in Assisting Professions for Psychosocial Work

Petrovic J.1, Macanovic N.1, Grbic O.2
1Associate Professor, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Political Science, Study program social work, (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
2Assistant Professor, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Political Science, Study program social work, (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Abstract

This paper presents the results of research into the competencies of experts in assisting professions for psychosocial work. The research was carried out in the centers for social work, as the basic institutions in the social protection system of Republic of Srpska. The sample consisted of 100 respondents in assisting professions (psychologists, educators and social workers). The questionnaire investigated their communication, mediation, teamwork and empathy skills, as well as the relationship between competency levels and educational attainment, age and length of service. The results showed that professionals in the assisting professions have a high level of competence for psychosocial work. Lower levels of competence are experienced by older professionals and longer working lives, while their professional competences are not affected by the level of education. Supervision is recognized as an effective way to prevent professional burnout, but also to develop personal and professional competencies. In addition, further training in communication and mediation skills is recommended.

Keywords: competences, psychosocial work, psychology, pedagogy, social work.

Effect of Educational Level on Cognitive Abilities of Elderly

Banović S.1, Junuzović-Žunić L.1, Sinanović O.2, Mrkonjić Z.1
1 Department of Speech and Language Pathology and Audiology, Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation, University of Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla, Sarajevo Medical School, University Sarajevo School of Science and Technology, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Abstract

The research was conducted to examine the impact of educational level on the functional cognitive abilities of the elderly. The sample consisted of 70 participants, older than 60 years. The participants were divided into two groups, participants with dementia, and participants without dementia. All participants responded individually, on the questions in Arizona Battery for Communication Disorders of Dementia (ABCD). The results have shown that educational level significantly predicted functional cognitive abilities. Education influences the creation of cognitive reserves. Bigger cognitive reserves mean a slower progression of the cognitive decline, which is especially important for people with dementia.

Keywords: cognitive abilities, education, elderly, dementia

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Youth, Work and Education: Sociological Research of Full-Time Students at the University of Split

Bandalović G.1, Šuljug Vučica Z.1, Gvozdenović A.2
1 Assistant professor at the University of Split, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (CROATIA)
2 B.A. of sociology and master student at the University of Split, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (CROATIA)

Abstract

In the Republic of Croatia, there is an increasing trend of employment during full-time studies. Starting from the question of what motivates full-time students to work, the aim of this paper is to examine and analyze the sociodemographic characteristics of full-time students of the University of Split who use the services of the Student Center as well as their work-related experiences during their studies. The survey was conducted during July and August 2019 on a sample of 216 full-time students at the University of Split. The results of the research show that students are partially satisfied with the salary paid by their employer, and that they earn half of their monthly income through the Student Center, while the rest is contributed by parents. Still, a fifth of students receive most of their monthly income from a parent or scholarship, so even though they receive scholarships, they are still forced to be employed. Half of the students have an average hourly rate income of 2.69 to 3.37 euros, which is also the minimum fee. A third of students think that their work is less time consuming, and the same percentage of those students’ state that their work does not take the time allotted for teaching and learning. They are mostly motivated to work during their studies by their poor financial situation, but also by meeting their own needs in the form of buying modern technology, clothing and footwear and going on trips. However, many students choose to work during their studies in order to gain new experiences and knowledge.

Keywords: full-time students, work during studies, employers, Student Center, motivation

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Social development of children with disabilities in the integrated departments in Montenegro

Mitrović I.1, Sakotić N.2, Milić S.3
1 DPS Nikšić, Municipal Board (MONTENEGRO)
2 University of Montenegro, Faculty of Philosophy Niksic (MONTENEGRO)
3 Police Directorate of Montenegro (MONTENEGRO)

Abstract

Socialization is not just training an individual for social life and his future role in society, but it is very important for personality formation, which is formed through learning with certain characteristics, and thus becomes a member of one culture (1). Conflicts in the family, inconsistent discipline, affective cold, parents’ hostility, poor monitoring and non-inclusion of parents in the everyday life of a minor, but also his psychological and emotional state, as well as crime and alcoholism in the family can be important factors, causers and triggers of the appearance of delinquent behavior. The research was conducted for the duration of one school year, and it is represented by the central, southern and northern regions of Montenegro, in integrated departments at regular schools (PI Primary school ‘Ilija Kisic’ Herceg Novi, PI Primary school ‘Vuk Karadzic’ Berane, PI Primary school ‘Dusan Korac’ Bijelo Polje, PI Primary school ‘Njegos’ Kotor, PI Primary school ‘Bosko Buha’ Pljevlja, PI Primary school ‘Olga Golovic’ Niksic and PI Primary school ‘Yugoslavia’ Bar. Starting from the nature, essence and importance of the defined problem, the subject of our study is focused on the social development of children with disabilities, as well as on the influence of social development on the presence of problematic behavior. The most significant results of this research, and we think that they have an impact on the social development of the child are: the fact that 23% of children grew up, lived and formed a socio-emotional status with their parent, who was not in the marital union of another child’s parent. Parent’s education: the most frequent is secondary school with 45.5%, and the number of parents with non-completed primary school is relatively high with 14.5%. A significant number of parents of children with disabilities are unemployed (fathers 26.4%, mothers 60.0%). We can conclude that economic characteristic can be very unfavorable for the functioning of the family. Our research shows that there are quarrels between 51.8% of parents. Regarding the presence of psychological violence against children with disabilities, we have come to the conclusion that in 14.5% of children there are indications of experiencing some form of psychological violence. The quarrel between parents, as a serious disorder in the social and overall development of children with disabilities, are expressed as a problem in the amount of 23.6% and there are indications that they reach up to 33.7%. So we can say that the presence of this problem is high. It is not negligible that 40% of children with disabilities have an inadequate relation towards teachers.

Keywords: Social development, children with disabilities, unadjusted behavior

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