Effect of Educational Level on Cognitive Abilities of Elderly

Banović S.1, Junuzović-Žunić L.1, Sinanović O.2, Mrkonjić Z.1
1 Department of Speech and Language Pathology and Audiology, Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation, University of Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla, Sarajevo Medical School, University Sarajevo School of Science and Technology, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Abstract

The research was conducted to examine the impact of educational level on the functional cognitive abilities of the elderly. The sample consisted of 70 participants, older than 60 years. The participants were divided into two groups, participants with dementia, and participants without dementia. All participants responded individually, on the questions in Arizona Battery for Communication Disorders of Dementia (ABCD). The results have shown that educational level significantly predicted functional cognitive abilities. Education influences the creation of cognitive reserves. Bigger cognitive reserves mean a slower progression of the cognitive decline, which is especially important for people with dementia.

Keywords: cognitive abilities, education, elderly, dementia

PDF Link